DSpace-CRIS 7

Recent Publication Additions
  • research article
    Emeljanovas, Arūnas
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    Miežienė, Brigita
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    Česnaitienė, Vida
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    Poteliūnienė, Sniegina
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    Ustilaitė, Stasė
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    Grajauskas, Lauras
    Sportinį darbingumą lemiantys veiksniai : mokslinių straipsnių rinkinys
    Įvadas. Pedagogo įgyta sveikatos ugdymo kompetencija yra svarbus veiksnys kuriant visapusio mokinių fizinio, psichinio, dvasinio ir socialinio ugdymo sąlygas, formuojant sveikos gyvensenos supratimą, ugdant sveiko gyvenimo būdo įgūdžius ir įpročius bei vertybinį mokinių požiūrį į savo ir aplinkinių sveikatą. Tyrimo tikslas. Nustatyti Lietuvos studentų požiūrį į sveikatos ugdymo kompetencijos poreikį švietimo ugdymo krypčių studijose ir įvertinti jų sveikatos ugdymo kompetencijos lygį bei su sveikata susijusią elgseną. Tyrimo metodai ir organizavimas: Tyrime dalyvavo 378 studentai iš Lietuvos Edukologijos Universiteto, Šiaulių Universiteto; Klaipėdos Universiteto; Lietuvos Sporto Universiteto. Požiūriui, suvoktai sveikos gyvensenos ugdymo kompetencijai, pasirengimui taikyti sveikos gyvensenos ugdymo įgūdžius praktikoje matuoti buvo naudojamas specialus klausimynas planuoto elgesio teorijos rėmuose, remiantis I. Ajzen (2006) rekomendacijomis. Studentų su sveikata susijusi elgsena (rūkymo, alkoholinių gėrimų vartojimo, mitybos ir fizinio aktyvumo įpročiai) vertinti naudojant suaugusių Lietuvos žmonių gyvensenos tyrimo (2012) metodiką (Grabauskas 2013). Rezultatai: Tyrimo rezultatai parodė, kad visi tyrime dalyvavę studentai, nepriklausomai nuo studijų krypties, pasižymi pakankamu sveikatos raštingumu nustatėme, kad tik penktadalis tirtųjų studentų yra nepakankamai fiziškai aktyvūs. Tyrimo rezultatai parodė, kad trečdalis studentų rūko. Didžioji dauguma studentų, saikingai vartoja silpnus ir stiprius alkoholinius gėrimus. Absoliuti dauguma studentų susiformavę palankų požiūrį į sveikatos ugdymo kompetencijos lavinimą. Išvados: Tyrimo rezultatai parodė, kad pedagoginėse studijose studijuojantys studentai yra fiziškai aktyvesni ir turi mažiau žalingų įpročių lyginant su 20 – 24 metų amžiaus Lietuvos gyventojais. [...].
  • research article;
    Karalius, Antanas
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    Staniulytė, Zita
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    Sirutkaitis, Romualdas Aleksas
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    Palaima, Algirdas
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    Laurynėnas, Audrius
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    Anusevičius, Žilvinas
    Molecules
    Triazole derivatives constitute an important group of heterocyclic compounds have have been the subject of extensive study in the recent past. These compounds have shown a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities. In this work, new fused tricyclic 1-(3-nitrophenyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,5]-benzodiazepines have been synthesized by the thermal cyclization of N'-(2,3-dihydro-1H-1,5-benzodiazepin-4-yl)-3- nitrobenzohydrazides. After screening ethanol, toluene and 1-butanol as solvents, butanol-1 was found to be the best choice for the cyclization reaction in order to obtain the highest yields of tricyclic derivatives. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were elucidated by the analysis of their IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectral data. For tentative rationalization of the reaction processes, the global and local reactivity indices of certain compounds, taking part in the reaction pathway, were assessed by means of quantum mechanical calculations using the conceptual density functional theory (DFT) approach. This work could be useful for the synthesis of new heterocyclic compounds bearing a fused triazole ring.
  • research article;
    Šimoliūnas, Eugenijus
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    Staniulis, Juozas Benediktas
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    Koreivienė, Judita
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    Baltrušis, Paulius
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    Meškys, Rolandas
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    FEMS microbiology ecology
    Vb-AphaS-CL131 is a novel cyanosiphovirus that infects harmful Aphanizomenon flos23 aquae. This cyanophage has an isometric head, 97 nm diam., and a long, flexible non24 contractile tail, 361 nm long. With a genome size of ~120 kb, it is the second largest 25 cyanosiphovirus isolated to date. The latent period was estimated to be ~36 h and a single 26 infected cell produces, on average, 218 infectious cyanophages. Cyanophage infection 27 significantly suppresses host biomass production and alters population phenotype.
  • Publication
    Overview of crane control systems and the related problems: analysis of container oscillation using different types of cargoes
    [Konteinerinio krano valdymo sistemų ir problemų apžvalga: konteinerio su skirtingais kroviniais svyravimų analizė]
    research article; ; ;
    Mokslas – Lietuvos ateitis: Mechanika, medžiagų inžinerija ir pramonės inžinerija = Science – future of Lithuania: Mechanics, material science and industrial engineering
    Growing international trading increased cargo transportation in containers, therefore the port cranes have higher loads. Increased cargo flows can influence transportation safety. It is therefore necessary to review the crane systems and determine what factors might influence the volatility of the container and its cargo during transportation. The paper includes consideration and analysis of crane control systems and related problems. The authors consider the reasons of problems, probable damage and solution methods. The paper also provides the analysis of the relationship between different container cargoes and container oscillations occurring during handling operations using a container crane prototype. The analysis of the effect of different cargoes in containers on loading process and the results of occurring oscillations are presented.
Most cited
  • research article
    Baubinienė, Alla
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    Berūkštis, Egidijus
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    Grigonienė, Lina
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    Kibarskis, Aleksandras
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    Marcinkus, Romualdas
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    Milvidaitė, Irena
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    Vasiliauskas, Donatas Antanas
    Lancet. London : The Lancet Publishing Group, 2003, vol. 362, iss. 9386., p. 782-788
    Background. Treatment with angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduces the rate of cardiovascular events among patients with left-ventricular dysfunction and those at high risk of such events. We assessed whether the ACE inhibitor perindopril reduced cardiovascular risk in a low-risk population with stable coronary heart disease and no apparent heart failure. Methods We recruited patients from October, 1997, to June, 2000. 13 655 patients were registered with previous myocardial infarction (64%), angiographic evidence of coronary artery disease (61%), coronary revascularisation (55%), or a positive stress test only (5%). After a run-in period of 4 weeks, in which all patients received perindopril, 12 218 patients were randomly assigned perindopril 8 mg once daily (n=6110), or matching placebo (n=6108). The mean follow-up was 4.2 years, and the primary endpoint was cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or cardiac arrest. Analysis was by intention to treat...
    Scopus© Citations 2037
  • research article
    Vilà, Montserrat
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    Basnou, Corina
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    Pyšek, Petr
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    Josefsson, Melanie
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    Genovesi, Piero
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    Gollasch, Stephan
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    Nentwig, Wolfgang
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    Roques, Alain
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    Roy, David
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    Hulme, Philip E.
    Fronties in ecology and the environment. Hoboken : Wiley, 2010, vol. 8, iss. 3., p. 135-144
    Recent comprehensive data provided through the DAISIE project (www.europe-aliens.org) have facilitated the development of the first pan-European assessment of the impacts of alien plants, vertebrates, and invertebrates – in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments – on ecosystem services. There are 1094 species with documented ecological impacts and 1347 with economic impacts. The two taxonomic groups with the most species causing impacts are terrestrial invertebrates and terrestrial plants. The North Sea is the maritime region that suffers the most impacts. Across taxa and regions, ecological and economic impacts are highly correlated. Terrestrial invertebrates create greater economic impacts than ecological impacts, while the reverse is true for terrestrial plants. Alien species from all taxonomic groups affect “supporting”, “provisioning”, “regulating”, and “cultural” services and interfere with human well-being. Terrestrial vertebrates are responsible for the greatest range of impacts, and these are widely distributed across Europe. Here, we present a review of the financial costs, as the first step toward calculating an estimate of the economic consequences of alien species in Europe.
    Scopus© Citations 784
  • research article
    Hulme, P.E.
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    Bacher, S.
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    Kenis, M.
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    Klotz, S.
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    Kühn, I.
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    Minchin, Jonathan Dan
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    Nentwig, W.
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    Panov, V.
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    Pergl, J.
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    Pyšek, P.
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    Roques, A.
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    Sol, D.
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    Solarz, W.
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    Vilà, M.
    Journal of applied ecology. Hoboken : Wiley-Blackwell, 2008, vol. 45, iss. 2., p. 403-414
    1. Pathways describe the processes that result in the introduction of alien species from one location to another. A framework is proposed to facilitate the comparative analysis of invasion pathways by a wide range of taxa in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Comparisons with a range of data helped identify existing gaps in current knowledge of pathways and highlight the limitations of existing legislation to manage introductions of alien species. The scheme aims for universality but uses the European Union as a case study for the regulatory perspectives. 2. Alien species may arrive and enter a new region through three broad mechanisms: importation of a commodity, arrival of a transport vector, and/or natural spread from a neighbouring region where the species is itself alien. These three mechanisms result in six principal pathways: release, escape, contaminant, stowaway, corridor and unaided. 3. Alien species transported as commodities may be introduced as a deliberate release or as an escape from captivity. Many species are not intentionally transported but arrive as a contaminant of a commodity, for example pathogens and pests. Stowaways are directly associated with human transport but arrive independently of a specific commodity, for example organisms transported in ballast water, cargo and airfreight. The corridor pathway highlights the role transport infrastructures play in the introduction of alien species. The unaided pathway describes situations where natural spread results in alien species arriving into a new region from a donor region where it is also alien. 4. Vertebrate pathways tend to be characterized as deliberate releases, invertebrates as contaminants and plants as escapes. Pathogenic micro-organisms and fungi are generally introduced as contaminants of their hosts. The corridor and unaided pathways are often ignored in pathway assessments but warrant further detailed consideration. 5. Synthesis and applications. Intentional releases and escapes should be straightforward to monitor and regulate but, in practice, developing legislation has proved difficult. New introductions continue to occur through contaminant, stowaway, corridor and unaided pathways. These pathways represent special challenges for management and legislation. The present framework should enable these trends to be monitored more clearly and hopefully lead to the development of appropriate regulations or codes of practice to stem the number of future introductions.
    Scopus© Citations 685
  • research article
    Pyšek, Petr
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    Jarošíka, Vojtěch
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    Hulme, Philip E.
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    Kühn, Ingolf
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    Wild, Jan
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    Arianoutsou, Margarita
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    Bacher, Sven
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    Chiron, Francois
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    Essl, Franz
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    Genovesi, Piero
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    Gherardi, Francesca
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    Hejda, Martin
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    Kark, Salit
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    Lambdon, Philip W.
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    Desprez-Loustau, Marie-Laure
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    Nentwig, Wolfgang
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    Pergl, Jan
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    Poboljšaj, Katja
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    Rabitsch, Wolfgang
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    Roques, Alain
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    Roy, David B.
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    Shirley, Susan
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    Solarz, Wojciech
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    Vilà, Montserrat
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    Winter, Marten
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Washington : National Academy of Sciences, 2010, vol. 107, no. 27., p. 12157-12162
    The accelerating rates of international trade, travel, and transport in the latter half of the twentieth century have led to the progressive mixing of biota from across the world and the number of species introduced to new regions continues to increase. The importance of biogeographic, climatic, economic, and demographic factors as drivers of this trend is increasingly being realized but as yet there is no consensus regarding their relative importance. Whereas little may be done to mitigate the effects of geography and climate on invasions, a wider range of options may exist to moderate the impacts of economic and demographic drivers. Here we use the most recent data available from Europe to partition between macroecological, economic, and demographic variables the variation in alien species richness of bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants, terrestrial insects, aquatic invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Only national wealth and human population density were statistically significant predictors in the majority of models when analyzed jointly with climate, geography, and land cover. The economic and demographic variables reflect the intensity of human activities and integrate the effect of factors that directly determine the outcome of invasion such as propagule pressure, pathways of introduction, eutrophication, and the intensity of anthropogenic disturbance. The strong influence of economic and demographic variables on the levels of invasion by alien species demonstrates that future solutions to the problem of biological invasions at a national scale lie in mitigating the negative environmental consequences of human activities that generate wealth and by promoting more sustainable population growth.
    Scopus© Citations 411
  • Publication
    A world of lies
    research article
    Aavik, Toivo
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    Abu-Hilal, Maher
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    Ahmad, Farrukh Z.
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    Ahmed, Ramadan A.
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    Alarco, Barbara
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    Amponsah, Benjamin
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    Atoum, Adnan
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    Bahrami, Hadi
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    Banton, Peter
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    Barca, Veronica
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    Basualdo, M.
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    Benjet, Corina
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    Bhowon, Uma
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    Bond, Charles F.
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    Case, Trevor I.
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    Caso, Letizia
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    Chadee, Derek
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    Churney, Robert
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    Courtoy, Marjorie
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    Datevyan, Hrach
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    Donatien, Dahourou
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    Gastardo-Conaco, Cecilia
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    Gendolla, Guido
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    Ghayur, M. Arif
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    Giri, Vijai N.
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    Gunawardhane, Raja
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    Han, Hyuseog
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    Hartwig, Maria
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    Hasanat, Nida Ul
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    Herrera, Dora
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    Hofhansl, Angelika
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    Holland, Roberta
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    Horgan, John
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    Huang, Shih-Tseng Tina
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    Ismail, Rosnah
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    Javahishvili, Tina
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    Johnston, Lucy
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    Kapardis, Andreas
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    Ker-Dincer, Mujde
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    Kerslake, Maria
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    Khaltourina, Anna
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    Khaltourina, Darya
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    Kion, Jennifer Ah
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    Koehnken, Guenter
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    Kokkinaki, Flora
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    Koljatic, Mladen
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    Kostik, Aleksandra
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    Kurman, Jenny
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    Lee, Kang
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    Levintsa, Elena
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    Lovas, Ladislas
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    Masip, Jaume
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    Matuk, Carlos Ruiz
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    Melinder, Annika
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    Merckelbach, Harald
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    Messili, Rachi
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    Miles, Lynden
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    Mngadi, Patricia Thuli
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    Munyae, Margaret M.
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    Nedeljkovic, Jasmina
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    Neto, Felix
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    Niemi, Marika
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    Niraula, Shanta
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    Nizharadze, George
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    Oka, Takashi
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    O’Sullivan, D.E.M.
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    Pawlowski, Boguslaw
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    Pereira, Marcos E.
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    Platon, Carolina
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    Rao, Sandhya
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    Reynolds, Shawn
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    Rime, Bernard
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    Rodriguez, Olga
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    Rono, Ruthie
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    Roxana, Incze
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    Rus, Velko S.
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    Schulmeyer, Marion
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    Shu, Li
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    Silva, Monica
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    Stuchlikova, Iva
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    Sverko, Iva
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    Talwar, Victoria
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    Tchombe, Therese M.
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    Tifner, Sonia
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    Tredoux, Colin
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    Voracek, Martin
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    Vrij, Aldert
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    Williams, Kip
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    Wright, Rex
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    Zhang, Yuching
    Journal of cross-cultural psychology. Thousand Oaks : SAGE publications, 2006, vol. 37, no. 1., p. 60-74
    This article reports two worldwide studies of stereotypes about liars. These studies are carried out in 75 different countries and 43 different languages. In Study 1, participants respond to the open-ended question “How can you tell when people are lying?” In Study 2, participants complete a questionnaire about lying. These two studies reveal a dominant pan-cultural stereotype: that liars avert gaze. The authors identify other common beliefs and offer a social control interpretation.
      1Scopus© Citations 275