Scientific research programmes:
- Research on Maritime Industry Sustainable Development
|Subprogrammes||Scientists and researchers|
Research on shipping&port security and logistics optimisation
One of Lithuania’s development priority trends is the implementation of modern international transport corridors and the logistics chains management models in the North-South and East-West corridors. The scientific activity of the present subprogramme will be directed towards the search for innovative solutions in the formation of international transport corridors management models and decision-making processes. Moreover, transport and logistics processes security-related issues will be addressed and new potential solutions analysed, given the international experience. The solutions of the said scientific problems are closely related to the smart specialization priority Transport, Logistics, and ICT.
|Dr. habil. Vytautas Paulauskas
Dr. Birutė Plačienė
Dr. Raimondas Barzdžiukas
Dr. Martynas Jonkus
Dr. Ričardas Maksimavičius
Doct. student Donatas Paulauskas
Research on innovative technologies to increase the maritime transport energy efficiency and to reduce environmental pollution
Over the last decade, the increase in the energy use efficiency and the reduction of harmful emissions and CO2 gas from vehicles, resulting in a greenhouse effect, has turned into a strategic direction of the EU transport sector development, regulated by the EU Parliament directives, international conventions and standards, as well as by national regulations. Directive COM(2003) 739 Final 2003/0300 COD regulates the increase in energy use in the energy cycle supply-transformation-use by 1% per year. EU Parliament Directive 2009/28/EC A (2009-04-23) regulates binding national targets for the energy consumption in the Community before 2020, corresponding to 20% renewable resource energy and 10 % of renewable resource energy in the transport sector. Significant challenges to the EU member countries’ transport sector were laid out in the COM (2011) 144 Final (The White Paper) Directive, with one of the key aims being the reduction of CO2 emission from vehicles, including the reduction of CO2 emitted in the maritime transport sector, by 40% before 2050.
The implementation of the project will ensure the scientific and technological basis for complex improvement (in terms of energy and environment) of the Republic of Lithuania fleet performance indicators by increasing the energy use efficiency on ships, as well as by technologies and techniques of reduction of air pollution from power plants.
|Dr. Darius Narmontas
Dr. Jevgenija Rutė
Dr. Arminas Štuopys
Energy-efficient equipment and their systems: development, improvement, and research
The lifetime of ships and port facilities is very long, therefore, it is necessary to examine the efficiency of the currently used systems, to improve those systems, and to introduce new energy-efficient technologies. The development of these technologies which has to take into account both the application of the new systems and the opportunity of new solutions integration into the existing systems is very important. In order to reduce the consumption of fossil fuel, it is necessary to analyse the potential use of alternative energy sources, as well as to monitor energy consumption (through the use and creation of specialised energy consumption-diagnostic systems) and the specificity in different maritime industry objects, given the potential impact of energy sources, equipment, and technologies on the environment. The research themes are related to the smart specialization priority Monitoring and Control Systems of Smart Energy Generators, Networks, and Consumers Energy Efficiency Diagnostics.
|Dr. Darius Narmontas
Dr. Eugenija Rutė
|Mathematical and physical modelling of ship running and hydroaeromechanics||Dr. Vasilij Djačkov
Dr. Rima Mickevičienė
Dr. Jonas Čerka
Dr. Vasilij Djačkov
Doct. student Diana Šateikienė
2. Research on the impact of intensive technologies on the marine environment
|Sub-programmes||Scientists and researchers|
Research in environmental pollution from ships and its impact on the environment, its monitoring, and the development of effective prevention measures and reduction technologies
Environmental pollution from ships and its impact on the marine environment has been recently paid great attention all over the world, and especially in the Baltic region. It particularly increased after the entry into force of MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI in 2005, which introduced and consistently increased the constraints on air pollution from ships. The implementation of the constraints obliged shipowners and shipping organisers to switch to much more expensive fuels and to install complex and expensive emission reduction technologies, which reduced the profitability of shipping and the competitiveness of marine transport with regard to other modes of transport (roads and railways). Scientific research in the area is to improve the existing and to create new, more efficient and economical, technologies of the ship impact on the environment and to monitor and control actual changes in the marine environment, related to the implementations of those measures.
The aim: prevention and reduction of the air and water pollution from ships with the aim of mitigating and completely eliminating its negative impact on the marine environment.
The main objectives:
Monitoring and research of the Baltic Sea and ports air pollution from ships and other marine transport objects.
|Dr. habil. Vytautas Smailys
Dr. habil. Sergejus Lebedevas
Dr. Mindaugas Česnauskis
Doct. student Ingrida Gudaitytė
Doct. student Vygintas Daukšys
Doct. student Irina Panasiuk
Doct. student Paulius Rapalis
Doct. student. Nadežda Zamiatina
Doct. student Justas Žaglinskis
Dr. Kazimieras Daukšas
Research in the ballast water impact on the marine environment and its treatment technologies
Each year, all over the world about 10 mln tons of ballast water is taken and discharged. In the ship ballast tanks, each day about 10, 000 different species of aquatic life are transported on the oceans, and part of them survive the voyages. When the ship takes ballast water in one country and discharges it in another, great changes take place in the ecosystems, when invasive microorganisms appear and adapt to the new environment. Alien microorganisms penetrate into an alien milieu and gradually destroy the local microorganism cultures.
The spread of invasive species is related to the maritime trade increase over the several last decades. As proved by the quantitative shipping research data, invasive species spread at a threat-posing speed and each time in new locations, which results in a direct or indirect impact on health and economy and do damage, that is often irreversible, to the environment.
To prevent the spread of microorganisms, all ships get ballast water treatment systems installed. The choice of the treatment method and equipment depends on the type of ship, the ballast tank capacity, the time necessary for the water treatment, the price, the weight, the productivity, and the space for the equipment to be installed on the ship.
|Dr. habil. Sergej Olenin
Dr. Jolanta Janutėnienė
Dr. Rima Mickevičienė
Dr. Jonas Čerka
Doct. student. Diana Šateikienė