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Research programs:

Research on optimization of shipping and port security and logistics

One of Lithuania’s priority development directions is to implement modern models of management of international transport corridors and logistics chains in north-south and east-west transport corridors. Research under this sub-program will focus on finding innovative solutions for the development of international transport corridor management models and decision-making processes.
Issues related to security of transport and logistics processes, analysis of new potential solutions, taking into account international experience will also be addressed. Tackling these scientific issues is closely linked to the Smart Specialization Priority “Transport, Logistics and Information Technology”.

Scientists and researchers

Habil.dr.Vytautas Paulauskas
Dr. Birutė Plačienė
Dr. Raimondas Barzdžiukas
Dr. Jonkus Martynas
Dr. Ričardas Maksimavičius
Doktor. Donatas Paulauskas

Research on Innovative Technologies for Increasing Energy Efficiency of Sea Transport and Reducing Environmental Pollution

Increasing energy efficiency and reducing harmful emissions and greenhouse gas emissions from transport vehicles over the last decade has become a strategic direction for the development of the EU transport sector, governed by EU Parliament directives, international conventions and standards, and national regulations. Directive COM (2003) 739 Final 2003/0300 COD regulates the 1% annual increase in energy use in the supply-transformation-recovery cycle. Directive 2009/28 / EC of the European Parliament A (23 April 2009) regulates the period until 2020. binding national energy consumption targets of 20% for renewable energy and 10% for renewable energy in transport. Significant challenges for the EU transport sector are set out in COM (2011) 144 Final (White Paper), which has as one of its main objectives the reduction of CO2 emissions from vehicles, including by 2050. 40% reduce CO2 emissions from the EU maritime transport sector.
Regardless of the economic growth scenario, total energy demand is projected to increase by 2020. should not exceed 1990 however, they should increase by 80% in transport, which will exacerbate the environmental problems of energy saving and transport.
A number of studies are currently underway in the world to reduce emissions from individual modes of transport, in particular road and maritime transport. However, research and technological development of maritime transport in Lithuania, especially in the Baltic region, is insufficient. Due to the favorable geographic location between the Western and Eastern regions, Lithuanian transport is of particular importance to the whole economy and constitutes a significant part of the GDP product. The main flows of multimodal cargo transportation pass through Klaipeda port. With the construction of a liquefied gas terminal, which is intended to strengthen the country’s energy independence, the strategic importance of Klaipėda State Seaport will increase significantly in the coming years. At the same time, however, the importance of energy saving and solving environmental problems of the Lithuanian Navy is also increasing. The novelty of the research of the planned project is characterized by a complex approach to the problem solving and implementation technologies applied in the maritime sector of the Republic of Lithuania.
The implementation of the project will provide a scientific and technological basis for the complex – energy and environmental improvement of the Lithuanian Navy’s operational indicators by introducing onboard energy efficiency improvement, air pollution reduction technologies and methods.

Scientists and researchers

Habil.dr.Sergejus Lebedevas
Habil.dr. Vytautas Smailys
Dr. Mindaugas Česnauskis
Doktor.Ingrida Gudaitytė
Doktor.Vygintas Daukšys
Vaida Ešmantaitė
Doktor.Irina Panasiuk
Doktor.Paulius Rapalis
Doktor.Nadežda Zamiatina
Dr. Justas Žaglinskis
Dr. Kazimieras Daukšas

Investigation of Marine Structural Materials and Structures Resistant to Environmental Impact.

Due to its light weight, anti-corrosive properties and the use of local raw materials, composite materials are gaining widespread application in all industries. Environmental resistance is important for the development of these materials. These issues are particularly relevant in offshore structures. Currently, special attention is paid to research on composite materials of exceptional properties in world scientific works. One of the most relevant topics is the maritime impact on ship and shore structure. One of the directions of the research will be focused on research of life-cycle corrosion effects of ship ballast water treatment systems. For marine vessels, the ballast water system is used to regulate the draft, crane and trim to ensure the stability and safe operation of the vessel. As a ship receives ballast in some waters and discharges in other waters, organisms that survive the voyage may adapt to the new environment, destroying native species. The IMO-initiated Ballast Water Treatment Convention has already been ratified by 43 countries representing 32.54%. world fleet. The 35% required is very low, so it is very likely that the ballast water treatment requirement will come into force in 2016. Global marine equipment manufacturers offer a two-stage system consisting of filtration and physical or chemical purification steps. Any method affects the surface of the ship’s ballast system consisting of piping with hydraulic equipment and tanks, damaging the protective coatings, thus facilitating the electrochemical corrosion process. High ballast water discharge causes pipeline erosion and cavitation erosion, which damages oxide films, making corrosion even more favorable. Seawater is rich in dissolved salts of chlorides, sulfates, sodium carbonates, magnesium, potassium, calcium. i.e., which play the role of the electrolyte in the corrosion reaction. For this reason, studies of corrosion and erosion wear, the search for various surface strengthening methods, and the use of new composite materials would extend the lifespan of marine structures while reducing environmental impact.

Scientists and researchers

Dr. Darius Narmontas
Dr. Jevgenija Rutė
Dr. Arminas Štuopys
Vygantas Bagočius

Design, development and research of energy efficient equipment and systems.

The life of ships and port facilities is very long, so it is necessary to investigate the efficiency of existing systems, improve these systems and introduce new energy efficient technologies. The development of these technologies, which must take into account not only the application of new systems but also the ability to integrate new solutions into existing systems, is essential. In order to reduce the use of fossil fuels, it is necessary to analyze the potential use of alternative energy sources and to monitor the energy consumption (through the development and use of specialized energy-diagnostic systems) and specificities for different marine industries, considering their potential environmental impact. The research topic is related to the smart specialization priority “Smart energy generators, networks and consumer energy efficiency diagnostic monitoring and control systems”.

Scientists and researchers

Dr. Darius Narmontas
Dr. Eugenija Rutė

Mathematical and physical modeling of vessel motion and hydroaeromechanics

Scientists and researchers

Dr. Vasilij Djačkov
Dr. Rima Mickevičienė
Dr. Jonas Čerka
Dr. Vasilij Djačkov
Gediminas Šerlinskas
Doktor. Diana Šateikienė

Investigation of environmental pollution from ships and its impact on the environment, monitoring, development of effective preventive measures and reduction technologies.

Environmental pollution from ships and its effects on the marine environment have been the subject of considerable attention in recent years, particularly around the Baltic Sea. In particular, it increased with the entry into force in 2005 of Annex VI to MARPOL 73/78, which introduced and consistently tightened restrictions on air pollution from ships. Implementing these restrictions requires shipowners and shipping operators to switch to significantly more expensive fuels, and to deploy sophisticated and costly emission abatement technologies, which reduce the profitability of shipping and the competitiveness of maritime transport against other modes (road and rail). Research in this area must improve existing and develop new, more efficient and cost-effective technologies for the environmental impact of ships and monitor and control the real changes in the marine environment associated with the implementation of these measures.
Objective: To prevent and reduce air and water pollution from ships in order to mitigate and eliminate its negative effects on the marine environment.
The main tasks:
• monitoring and investigation of pollution of the Baltic Sea and its ports by ships and other maritime transport facilities;
• Monitoring and investigation of air and water pollutant emissions from ships to the Baltic Sea environment through expeditionary and indirect data collection methods;
• Optimization of the operational modes of ship power installations with a view to improving their ecological and economic performance;
• Research of marine engine exhaust gas cleaning technologies, search for innovative solutions and practical application;
• Feasibility study on the use of closed water on cycle vessels to implement the concept of “zero pollution in the Baltic Sea” (ZEB).

Scientists and researchers

Habil.dr. Vytautas Smailys
Habil.dr.Sergejus Lebedevas
Dr. Mindaugas Česnauskis
Dokt. Ingrida Gudaitytė
Doktor.Vygintas Daukšys
Vaida Ešmantaitė
Dokt. Irina Panasiuk
Dokt. Paulius Rapalis
Dokt. Nadežda Zamiatina
Dokt. Justas Žaglinskis
Dr. Kazimieras Daukšas

Investigation of the impact of ballast waters on the marine environment, their purification technologies

About 10 billion tonnes of ballast water is received and discharged worldwide Every year, around 10,000 different species of marine organisms, some of which survive in tank life, are transported in ocean-going tanks. When a ship accepts ballast water in one country and discharges in another, major ecosystem changes occur, with the emergence of invasive microorganisms and their adaptation to new environments. Alien microorganisms invade foreign media and gradually destroy native microorganism cultures.
The proliferation of invasive species has been associated with an increase in shipping trade over the last few decades. Quantitative evidence from shipping research shows that invasive species are spreading at threatening speeds and in new locations, with direct or indirect effects on health, the economy and environmental damage, which are often irreversible.
Ballast water treatment systems are installed on all ships to prevent the spread of microorganisms. The choice of cleaning method and equipment will depend on the type of ship, the capacity of the ballast tanks, the time, cost, weight, capacity, and location of the water purification facility to be installed on board.

Scientists and researchers

Habil.dr. Sergej Olenin
Dr. Jolanta Janutėnienė
Dr. Rima Mickevičienė
Dr. Jonas Čerka
Aleksas Narščius
Doktor. Diana Šateikienė

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