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Scientific research programmes:

  1. Research on Maritime Industry Sustainable Development
Subprogrammes Scientists and researchers

Research on shipping&port security and logistics optimisation

One of Lithuania’s development priority trends is the implementation of modern international transport corridors and the logistics chains management models in the North-South and East-West corridors. The scientific activity of the present subprogramme will be directed towards the search for innovative solutions in the formation of international transport corridors management models and decision-making processes. Moreover, transport and logistics processes security-related issues will be addressed and new potential solutions analysed, given the international experience. The solutions of the said scientific problems are closely related to the smart specialization priority Transport, Logistics, and ICT.

Dr. habil. Vytautas Paulauskas
Dr. Birutė Plačienė
Dr. Raimondas Barzdžiukas
Dr. Martynas Jonkus
Dr. Ričardas Maksimavičius
Doct. student Donatas Paulauskas

Research on innovative technologies to increase the maritime transport energy efficiency and to reduce environmental pollution

Over the last decade, the increase in the energy use efficiency and the reduction of harmful emissions and CO2 gas from vehicles, resulting in a greenhouse effect, has turned into a strategic direction of the EU transport sector development, regulated by the EU Parliament directives, international conventions and standards, as well as by national regulations. Directive COM(2003) 739 Final 2003/0300 COD regulates the increase in energy use in the energy cycle supply-transformation-use by 1% per year. EU Parliament Directive 2009/28/EC A (2009-04-23) regulates binding national targets for the energy consumption in the Community before 2020, corresponding to 20% renewable resource energy and 10 % of renewable resource energy in the transport sector. Significant challenges to the EU member countries’ transport sector were laid out in the COM (2011) 144 Final (The White Paper) Directive, with one of the key aims being the reduction of CO2 emission from vehicles, including the reduction of CO2 emitted in the maritime transport sector, by 40% before 2050.
As predicted, irrespective of the economy growth scenario, the total energy demand in 2020 should not exceed the level of 1990, however, in the transport sector, it is to increase by 80%, which will further exacerbate energy saving and transport environmental problems.
Presently, numerous research is carried out in the world seeking to reduce emissions from individual modes of transport, and primarily road and maritime transport.  However, in Lithuania, the research in the maritime transport field and the development of technologies, and especially in the Baltic region, is inadequate. Lithuanian transport, due to a favourable geographical situation between the Eastern and Western regions, is of special importance for the national economy and accounts for a significant part of the GDP product. The main freight  flows by multimodal transportation pass through the port of Klaipėda. In the coming years, on building a liquefied gas terminal which will increase the national energy independence, the strategic importance of Klaipėda State Seaport will substantially increase. However, the importance of energy saving and of the solution of the environmental Lithuanian fleet issues will also increase in parallel. The novelty in the planned project research is an integrated approach to the addressed problems and the technologies of implementation as applied to the Republic of Lithuania maritime sector.

The implementation of the project will ensure the scientific and technological basis for complex improvement (in terms of energy and environment) of the Republic of Lithuania fleet performance indicators by increasing the energy use efficiency on ships, as well as by technologies and techniques of reduction of air pollution from power plants.

Dr. Darius Narmontas
Dr. Jevgenija Rutė
Dr. Arminas Štuopys
Vygantas Bagočius

Energy-efficient equipment and their systems: development, improvement, and research

The lifetime of ships and port facilities is very long, therefore, it is necessary to examine the efficiency of the currently used systems, to improve those systems, and to introduce new energy-efficient technologies. The development of these technologies which has to take into account both the application of the new systems and the opportunity of new solutions integration into the existing systems is very important. In order to reduce the consumption of fossil fuel, it is necessary to analyse the potential use of alternative energy sources, as well as to monitor energy consumption (through the use and creation of specialised energy consumption-diagnostic systems) and the specificity in different maritime industry objects, given the potential impact of energy sources, equipment, and technologies on the environment. The research themes are related to the smart specialization priority Monitoring and Control Systems of Smart Energy Generators, Networks, and Consumers Energy Efficiency Diagnostics.

Dr. Darius Narmontas
Dr. Eugenija Rutė
Mathematical and physical modelling of ship running and hydroaeromechanics Dr. Vasilij Djačkov
Dr. Rima Mickevičienė
Dr. Jonas Čerka
Dr. Vasilij Djačkov
Gediminas Šerlinskas
Doct. student Diana Šateikienė

 

2. Research on the impact of intensive technologies on the marine environment

Sub-programmes Scientists and researchers

Research in environmental pollution from ships and its impact on the environment, its monitoring, and the development of effective prevention  measures and reduction technologies

Environmental pollution from ships and its impact on the marine environment has been recently paid great attention all over the world, and especially in the Baltic region. It particularly increased after the entry into force of MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI in 2005, which introduced and consistently increased the constraints on air pollution from ships. The implementation of the constraints obliged shipowners and shipping organisers to switch to much more expensive fuels and to install complex and expensive emission reduction technologies, which reduced the profitability of shipping and the competitiveness of marine transport with regard to other modes of transport (roads and railways). Scientific research in the area is to improve the existing and to create new, more efficient and economical, technologies of the ship impact on the environment and to monitor and control actual changes in the marine environment, related to the implementations of those measures.

The aim: prevention and reduction of the air and water pollution from ships with the aim of mitigating and completely eliminating its negative impact on the marine environment.

The main objectives:

Monitoring and research of the Baltic Sea and ports air pollution from ships and other marine transport objects.
• Monitoring and research of the air and water pollutant emission to the Baltic Sea environment by means of expeditionary and indirect data collection methods;
• Optimisation of ship power plant operational performance with the aim of improvement of their ecological and economic indicators;
• Research in ship engine exhaust gas cleaning technologies, search for innovative solutions, and their practical application;
• Research in the opportunities and technologies of a closed water use cycle on ships with the aim of the implementation of the “zero emissions in the Baltic Sea (ZEB) conception”.

Dr. habil. Vytautas Smailys
Dr. habil. Sergejus Lebedevas
Dr. Mindaugas Česnauskis
Doct. student Ingrida Gudaitytė
Doct. student Vygintas Daukšys
Vaida Ešmantaitė
Doct. student Irina Panasiuk
Doct. student Paulius Rapalis
Doct. student. Nadežda Zamiatina
Doct. student Justas Žaglinskis
Dr. Kazimieras Daukšas

Research in the ballast water impact on the marine environment and its treatment technologies  

Each year, all over the world about 10 mln tons of ballast water is taken and discharged. In the ship ballast tanks, each day about 10, 000 different species of aquatic life are transported on the oceans, and part of them survive the voyages. When the ship takes ballast water in one country and discharges it in another, great changes take place in the ecosystems, when invasive microorganisms appear and adapt to the new environment. Alien microorganisms penetrate into an alien milieu and gradually destroy the local microorganism cultures.

The spread of invasive species is related to the maritime trade increase over the several last decades. As proved by the quantitative shipping research data, invasive species spread at a threat-posing speed and each time in new locations, which results in a direct or indirect impact on health and economy and do damage, that is often irreversible, to the environment.

To prevent the spread of microorganisms, all ships get ballast water treatment systems installed. The choice of the treatment method and equipment depends on the type of ship, the ballast tank capacity, the time necessary for the water treatment, the price, the weight, the productivity, and the space for the equipment to be installed on the ship.

Dr. habil. Sergej Olenin
Dr. Jolanta Janutėnienė
Dr. Rima Mickevičienė
Dr. Jonas Čerka
Aleksas Narščius
Doct. student. Diana Šateikienė