Mobility of students across Europe requires the progressive adaptation to the ECTS (European Credit Transfer System), both in evaluating student workload (credits) and in evaluating the student results (grades), as well as in transforming the ways of teaching, and in other characteristics of the particular university careers in each country.
European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) has been introduced into Lithuanian education system since 2011 by National Law. All courses are measured in ECTS credits which are based on student workload needed in order to achieve expected learning outcomes. 60 ECTS credits are attached to the workload of a full-time academic year and 30 ECTS credits – of a semester. 1 ECTS credit equals to around 25 or 30 working hours, the time necessary to complete all planned learning activities. ECTS is facilitated by using the key information and documents: Course Catalogue, Student Application Form, Learning Agreement, Transcript of Records, and the Diploma Supplement. According internal formal rules and regulations of the university, mobile students gets automatic recognition of ECTS credits gained abroad, as integral part of student’s degree programmes, if requirements originally agreed in the Learning Agreement has been fulfilled by the student.
ECTS grade does not intend to replace the local grade but to provide qualitative information about the student’s academic performance. Therefore, it consists in a relative grade that can be represented as follows:
Grading scheme and grade distribution guidance
|Pass/fail system||Marking system1||Approximate equivalent in ECTS||Definition|
|Excellent performance, outstanding knowledge and skills (excellent)|
|9 (very good)||
|Strong performance, good knowledge and skills (very good)|
|Above the average performance, knowledge and skills (good)|
|7 (highly satisfactory)||
|Average performance, knowledge and skills with unessential shortcomings (highly satisfactory)|
|Below average performance, knowledge and skills with substantial shortcomings (satisfactory)|
|Knowledge and skills meet minimum criteria (sufficient)|
|FAIL||4, 3, 2, 1 (insufficient)||
|Knowledge and skills do not meet minimum criteria / below minimus criteria (insufficient)|
1Alongside the ten-point system the institution uses the pass/fail system of evaluation. Examinations and work defence evaluations, as a rule, are graded. For the courses that do not end with examinations the pass/fail system is used to test if a student has earned the credits allocated to it. A student passes when he/she proves that he/she assimilated not less than 50 % of the required knowledge scope.